When we started to think about how to inspire our Folkers, we got so inspired ourselves we had too many posts. Welcome to Week one of what will be a series of colour inspiration (with homework if you wish to complete it!)
Before we learn how to create colours, it is important to know how they are made. There are only three colours that exist - Primary Red, Primary Blue and Primary Yellow. Black is a mix of all three. White is the absence of colour.
All colours are created using these elements - the three primaries, white and black. Learning the theory behind colour mixing and about the Ives colour wheel will not only help you with your painting, it can help when decorating and furnishing your home, choosing your wardrobe and make-up!
The theory of mixing paint is completely different to mixing light. If you mix three paint colours, you get black. When mixing light however, the colour is subtracted so the end result is white. Although it seems complex, colour theory is revolutionary.
Consider the ives colour wheel as a clock - it has 12 points. It contains the three primary colours which are pure pigments, In between these are the secondary colours. By mixing 2 primary colours, you will create your secondary colour. (Think 1+1=2)
To understand paint mixing, you can read about it but you will understand it more by doing it! Get out your paints and follow along. Although the Series 1 kit doesn't have primary colours, they do contain Red, Blue and Yellow. These are a great place to start learning about where they sit on the Ives colour wheel.
Next are the intermediate colours (2a). These are still created by mixing two primary colours together but in different quantities. On one side of the secondary colour will be a red orange, on the other, a yellow orange. The amount of intermediate colours you can create is endless - just play around with the ratios.
Alongside Secondary and Intermediate come the Tertiary colours - these are created when you mix all three colours together. In different quantities they make black and other 'muddy' colours such as brown.
Your homework if you choose to accept it! - If you haven't made one yet, have a go at mixing your paint and create a colour wheel using the paints from your Series No. 1 Starter kit. Baby Blue - Tomato Red and Yellow Ochre.
If you love painting, then please take some time this week to make a colour wheel. I can guarantee you will learn more than you could ever have imagined! Click to the next picture for some teacher tips to consider while you're mixing!
The Tomato Red, Baby Blue and Yellow Ochre are not primary colours as they are not pure colours. For example the Baby Blue has lots of white added to it - but we can still practice the colour wheel theory and it will teach you just as much!
Put your paints out on to your palette in the same layout as the colour wheel, leaving enough space between your primary colours to mix your secondary and intermediate colours.
NOTE: A secondary colour is not equal quantities of 2 primaries. When mixing your secondary colour always start with the lightest colour- so if mixing yellow and red - yellow would be the lightest. Slowly start adding the darker colour (red). You are mixing the 2 colours together until the colour resembles neither of the primaries - ie: when mixing green stop for a second and see if you think you can still see a yellow hue, if you do add more blue. If it starts looking too blue add more yellow. You will learn so much from experimenting.
I always like to paint strokes when doing the Ives Colour Wheel or any paint mixing - it looks prettier and it's good practice! Make the primary colour flowers big and the secondaries smaller to differentiate between the 2.
The Intermediate colours are the secondary colour + extra primary colour added. Here we have violet which is made of red and blue. On the right I have added more red to the violet which creates a Red Violet and to the left more blue which creates a Blue Violet. Imagine how many hundreds of different hues there are between the violet and the red!
You can't learn about colour mixing for your designs by reading about it. So please have a go at this ready for next week when we will look at tones and tints.
I hope you have enjoyed this first instalment of the colour tutorial. Please do post pictures of your completed colour wheels on our Facebook page this week - we do love to see how you are all getting on.
Love Carol x